Why do we need ventilation in the bath?
Ventilation in the bath is a system of vents, through which fresh air is supplied to the steam room and slowly comes out of it on the street. If you do not create ventilation holes in the bath, after a few years of wood paneling steam will start to mildew, and the boards themselves will produce an unpleasant odor (the smell of rotten wood and sweat).
What would all of this happen, necessary when the construction of the baths to pay sufficient attention to the scheme of ventilation of the bath, which will allow you to remove stale air from the steam room, podsweat the room with oxygen.
The principle of operation of the ventilation system
As we have said, the ventilation system consists of a special bath of holes for supply and removal of air (supply and exhaust hole).
In the scheme of ventilation of the bath can be as two, and more holes, it all depends on the size of the steam room, as well as features of construction of the bath.
The principle of operation of the ventilation system of the baths next: with the inlet fresh air is supplied to the steam room, where it mixes with warm air from the stove and distributes the resulting warm stream across the room. After this so-called "waste" air is removed outside through the exhaust hole, which can be installed on the opposite from the injection hole wall, and in the same place, only above (it all depends on the scheme of ventilation).
The basic scheme of ventilation of the bath
Today there are many variants of the scheme of ventilation of the bath. As a rule, all diagrams have the same "backbone", but only modified by the individual features of the baths.
So, the basic scheme of ventilation baths are the following 5:
In the first scheme air inlet is located immediately behind the stove in the steam room. The installation height of the supply box should be no more than 30 cm from the floor level. On the opposite wall is a second air vent and exhaust. The height of installation is about 30 cm from the ceiling. This scheme of ventilation bath is one of the least desirable, because. heated fresh air rises up and almost immediately goes out, and, therefore, all carbon dioxide does not have time to fully mix in the air stream and exit out.
The second scheme more effectively banishes fresh air throughout the steam room. In this scheme, and the inlet and exhaust air outlet are located on one side of the steam. Only the first box below (30 cm from the floor), and the second from the top (30 cm from the ceiling). To help with the ventilation must be installed in the exhaust port the blowing fan.
As a result, the air will enter through the lower hole in a steam room, to face a furnace heater, which stands opposite near the wall, and the whole warm air stream, passing through the steam room, will come through the upper window.
This scheme of ventilation bath is used in cases, if the steam room has only one wall, adjacent to the street.
The third diagram ventilation is a modified version of the first schema. Air intake opening is mounted behind the stove, at the height of 30 cm from the floor. The exhaust hole is installed on the opposite wall, but not from the top like last time, and the bottom, on the same 30 cm from the floor. In order, what would the normal ventilation functioned, it is also necessary to equip an exhaust hole blowing fan.
The principle of operation of this scheme lies in the fact, that fresh air gets into the steam room, the furnace is heated using the heater, rises up to the ceiling, and when it begins to cool, falls to the floor and goes into the exhaust hole.
The fourth circuit is not only effective for the ventilation of the bath, but a positive effect on the durability of wooden floor in the steam room.
To create this scheme of ventilation must be done in the floor holes (gaps), which will appear in the empty space under the floor. In this space shall be equipped with a hole, submitted by pipe, which leads to the roof.
In this case, the steam room is equipped with only one vent – inlet. It is set for bottom oven heater. The principle of operation of such: fresh air gets into the steam room, heats up and rises to the ceiling. Then the air cools and falls to the floor, where passes through a slit to the vent exhaust pipe. When the exhaust air will go through the floor, he will further carry out drying of the boards.
Well, the last, fifth ventilation circuit bath also has one vent – inlet, installed at the bottom of the wall, opposite the stove. Hood in the scheme will serve as the furnace itself, or rather, it blew. The peculiarity of this scheme lies in the fact, what the oven needs to operate for just relaxing in the bath, otherwise, the trap will not be able to absorb the exhaust air and print it out.
There is also combined scheme ventilation of the bath, but they are used only in rare cases and then, consulting with experts.
The technology of creating ventilation in the bath
Before, how to create ventilation in the bath with his hands, you must know the following requirements:
- Ventilation holes in the bath should maintain a sufficient amount of fresh air in the steam room (he's not supposed to go or long to stagnate).
- In the bath should not be drafts!
- Steam must border at least one wall street, to exhaust air outside of the bath.
- When you install doors to the bath you must leave a gap of about 2 cm, for additional ventilation.
- One hour relaxing in the bath ventilation system must provide at least 3 the change of the total volume of air in the steam room
- The size of the vent holes (or rather, area) calculated by the formula: "the volume of ventilated rooms" * "24 cm2".
So, getting down to business. Create ventilation in the bath with their hands must be on the basis of a carefully prepared project, during the construction of baths (even before the construction Foundation).
In our example, the bath will have two walls, bordering street.
To create ventilation in the bath you should possess the skills of working with wood, because. ducts for holes will be made of boards and planks.
From materials and tools to create ventilation in the bath with his hands you will need:
- Corrugated pipe
- The ventilation supply grille
- Round exhaust valve
- Tools for working with wood (saw, hammer, screwdriver, screws for wood, roulette, area, etc.).
Technology to create ventilation in the bath divided by stages, for ease of perception of information:
1. Calculate the square boxes and make them
2.In accordance with the scheme set boxes in the right places (under and over on the wall)
3. Installed on ducts valves (better on each hole, the outer and inner valve) and round the exhaust valve (accordingly, on the exhaust hole)
4. Inside the box is placed a corrugated pipe (it will allow air to freely pass through the box)
5. On the supply hole put the grill.
As well, if the scheme of ventilation of the bath requires artificial injection of air, do not forget to install a special fan!
It all, we wanted to tell you about the creation of the ventilation of their hands! You see, that the process is quite time-consuming and complex, therefore we recommend in this case to seek help from professionals!