- The philosophy of Zen in relation to Japanese stone garden
- How to build a stone garden with his own hands?
- Japanese sages divide the stones on:
- The water surface in a stone garden
- The flora of the Japanese stone garden
- Additional decoration for stone garden
- 38 photo examples of the design style of Japanese garden of stones, see our photo gallery and take a note:
- Video tour of a Japanese stone garden
Japanese garden of stones is the antithesis of the European garden. Its basic composition consists of many stones, carrying hidden meaning. The passion of Japanese stone gardens is logically justified because, they live on Islands of volcanic origin, which are almost entirely composed of mountain ranges. So do not forget about that, the religion of China is Buddhism, philosophy which is aimed at getting the forces of spirit in nature, which are part of the stones. Try to reveal the secret of the harmony and beauty of Japanese stone gardens.
The philosophy of Zen in relation to Japanese stone garden
Japanese rock garden also called a Zen garden or Karesansui (in translation, Kare – dry, San mountain, sui – water). It is very closely linked to dominant in Japan Zen Buddhism, which enlightens through meditation, reflection and contemplation. External harmony and aesthetics is only a way of understanding the Soul of the Universe. In "silent" stones are hidden the age-old wisdom, which can be known only one, who "knows how to see the beauty in the commonplace and grace in the simplicity".
First, the stone gardens were created around churches for meditation, but later the tradition of creating these gardens began to be used for decoration gardening area General population. But still, even in a secular garden it was possible to know the hidden meaning of the stones through meditation and gaining complete peace of mind. The Japanese people believe, that the stones of its kind of existence can teach peace, silence, patience and contemplation. Maybe this sounds strange, but each stone, according to Japanese sages, is your character, soul, the path and purpose, actually as a person!
How to build a stone garden with his own hands?
All the main area it is recommended to fill with sand or small pebbles. On the surface in a chaotic manner put the stones. But not all so simple. To the ignorant person, the rock garden will remain a mystery, but in order, who knows, the garden will be a place for consideration something more, wise. Therefore, residents of China think, what if the garden is to arrange the stones unique color, with holes or visible signs of antiquity, these stones will add to the gardening area of new positive energy.
You should pay attention to, each stone has its own specific meaning, so, how do you think Japanese residents, you must be able to communicate with stones and even agree. Because of this, in ancient times, the monks who picked up stones in Japanese stone garden, called "monks, Contracting with stones".
Japanese sages divide the stones on:
- Looking up and down
- Supine and erect
- Prislonyaetsya and support
- Pursuer and evader
As for the location of the rocks relative to garden plot, it must be present asymmetry. One more important fact – an odd number of stones in the garden. To create a harmonious composition is used, the arrangement of stones in the shape of a triangle.
The water surface in a stone garden
The stone garden are also not welcomed the water in its natural form. To create artificial reservoirs use small pebbles, gravel and sand. The entire garden area initially, fall asleep the listed materials and create the waves with a rake. Common pattern of waves – concentric circles.
The flora of the Japanese stone garden
As in the case of water, plants in a stone garden should be a little. The leader in the landscaping of Japanese gardens is the bamboo, which Zen Buddhism embodies the principle of "mushin" (mind, not occupied by thoughts, not worried about heart, emotions, and everything becomes flexible, open and elastic). Among the other plants, which are allowed to decorate stone garden, emit the sink, pine and moss.
Additional decoration for stone garden
Except rocks and plants, allowed to complement a Japanese garden different small architectural forms. Popular elements are considered decorative lanterns, bridges-Hashi, stone tower, figurines, stone walkways, and tsukubai (stone bowl of water). The main thing that such elements garden decoration as much as possible and they harmonize with the main song.