The purpose of caulking frame
Once all the crowns of the bath log house will be laid, Windows inserted and covered roof should go to the process insulation baths. Insulate the frame from the old times, and this process practically has not changed until today. The only thing that has changed, are materials and tools for caulk (we will talk about them later).
Caulk the frame is required for the following reasons:
- For well-insulated baths you will need less time to warm up the sauna and other facilities
- A log cabin tends to shrink, resulting in the construction of baths in gaps, you will need to posability
- If Bani will go heat, outside of the framework condensation, which entail a rotting log
- For heating well-insulated bath uses less gas (coal, gas, firewood or even electricity)
As you can see, konopatka log is a very serious and at the same time, useful exercise.
When you need to carry out konopatkoy log?
As we know, shrinkage built from a frame requires at least one year. Based on this, there is a lot of disagreement about the time of caulking frame.
The first konopatku log should carry out immediately after laying all of the crowns and covering of the roof.
Second konopatka log is after, a partially usage (about a year). Despite the fact, during the first caulk all gaps tightly clogged, in a year will be room for one more in warming baths in mironavich cracks.
Well, the last konopatka log should be carried out at the time, when the bath is fully usage, not later than 5 years.
Please note that, what konopatku frame with their hands to carry out as from the outside of the bath, and the internal. Another important point: during quality caulk bath may rise by about 7-10 cm, so fireplace it is better not to fix a roof, what would it for this time, not deformed.
Materials for the insulating frame
Today to caulk log house with your own hands, you can use the moss, tow, special sealant, jute and lnovatin. A brief look at the advantages of each material.
Early frame caulk moss. The material used to caulk and now some builders, but most of the experts prefer more modern materials.
The advantages of moss is that, what it all 100% eco-friendly material, which has antimicrobial properties and has high durability.
The lack of caulking a log house with moss is the high cost of the insulation.
The moss for caulking should not be overdried, but at the same time and should not be too wet.
Hemp also often used to caulk log, however, this material is not recommended. First, konopatka log tow is a very time consuming process. Second, hemp absorbs moisture, therefore, few seasons to start to rot, thereby damaging the crowns of the framework. Third, rotten tow is very difficult to dig out of the cracks mironavich, the more that re-caulking is not quite pleasant process. And fourthly, tow is a treat for moths.
Jute is an environmentally friendly material of plant origin. It is often used to caulk log house with his own hands, because. this material has the following advantages:
- The material has high strength
- Jute almost does not absorb water, and therefore does not rot
- Jute has good insulating properties
Please note that, often in DIY stores instead of jute offer the analog – jute felt. We do not recommend the use of jute felt to caulk log, because. this material has a proportion of flax, and it greatly reduces the strength and increases the hygroscopic properties of the material.
Konopatka log in jute is carried out during the erection of a structure from a frame. The material is placed on top of crowns and fixed construction steppleton.
Lnovatin is also used to caulk log. This material consists of compacted flax dust, which is made long ribbons. Lnovatin, as jute has high strength and insulating properties.
Actively gaining popularity and special sealants for caulking log. They are often used together with jute. There are different types of sealers depending on the width of cracks. Please note that, what sealant ought to be used together with jute or levatino, this will make the insulation of the bath more effective.
Tools for caulking log
Today to caulk log house with his own hands apply the following set of tools:
- Type-setting caulking
- Curve konopatka (requires skills in working, but more effective)
- Road Builder (used in conjunction with konopatkoy)
- Razbivnaja konopatka (narrower, in some places it is more convenient to work)
- Mallet (used for driving caulking into the cracks)
It is recommended to use a soft caulk (for example, wood), because. they will not damage the surface of the cut. The only problem is, that soft konopatkoy more difficult to use, but some of the insulation you just adapt to this tool.
Technology caulk log house with his own hands
Technology caulk log his hands is quite difficult, although this will not tell you. As we said earlier, when konopatkoy frame design is higher on the 7-10 cm, therefore, the caulk evenly and correctly.
You should know, before konopatkoy frame should not be no finishing of the event, because. during the lifting design, they immediately damaged.
Proper caulking of the framework involves the insulation liventseva space tiers (from the bottom to the top). First konopatin the bottom junction (between the first and the second crown). This should be done on the perimeter, starting from one corner and ending to them. As soon as the layer will be insulated, you need to go to a higher crown.
Please note that, that is extremely forbidden to carry out isolated konopatkoy (for example, only one wall), because. the design of the frame can significantly warp.
It should be noted, that experienced builders can align a misaligned frame, using only caulking.
When konopatkoy a frame need to carefully score the insulation on the corners, because. the data nodes need it most (due to the presence of locks and complex grooves).
There are two ways to caulk log house with his own hands: "full length" and "vnabor". The first method is used, if the gaps between the crowns of small, accordingly, the second is designed for wide cracks. Let us consider each of the methods.
Konopatka log "full length"
To caulk log "full length" you will need a strand of insulated material to the length of the entire slit. First, you need to strebovat in the gap one side of the strands, then the second side to bend (as shown in the picture) and carefully score razbivnaja or stacked konopatkoy.
Konopatka log "vnabor"
This method of caulking a log house with your own hands requires a lot more insulating material, but more efficiently insulates the bath from the log. Technology caulk is different: prepared a strand thickness of not less than 15 mm. Further, strands need to dial in the loop and in turn to score each hinge into the gap (what would the strand came across the gap, as shown in the picture). To score a lock, you must use razbivnaja caulk, in order to encourage the stuff on top, and then the bottom. After the lock is completely jammed in the gap, it is recommended to perform final compaction with road.
More detail you can study the technology of caulking timber in this video lesson:
As you can see, technology caulk lumber with his hands is quite challenging and requires certain skills!
We also recommend you to read the article: waterproofing baths their hands!