Proper pruning of fruit trees

Apple orchard.

Apple orchard.

Pristine, wild beauty is wonderful, nothing can compare with the beauty, posed by nature itself. Fruit shrubs and the trees need special care, after all, their main function is fruiting. Procedure spring or autumn pruning will allow to form correctly the crown, every branch will receive enough air and light, this will increase crop yield. Pruning is a reorganization of the tree, protecting him from things that have already happened and are possible in the new season of diseases.

Tool selection

Every gardener should be provided with a sufficient Arsenal of tools, the most suitable for cutting. For the correct procedure you may need:

  • special thanks to secateurs, sharp enough, to them it was easy to make the cut;
  • saber tool, narrowed by the end of the flag – garden saw with spaces, which will not allow sawdust to accumulate;
  • air pruner, located on a long rod, which is driven with the help of levers and ropes.

Hacksaw should not be used for any other work, in addition to the garden. For cutting you need a tool with a specific profile and angle of the canvas. Air pruner allows pruning of high branches, which are hard to reach. It is important, so the blades were sharp: torn the wound surface can penetrate dangerous microorganisms. After completion of the cutting surfaces of any tool need to clean and wipe with an oily rag.

To conduct necessary garden pruning options, "ointment", made from petroleum products, which has a plastic consistency at positive temperatures. The product cover small wounds on the surface of the wood. If unsuitable weather conditions, the role of Vara can perform paint, prepared on the basis of linseed oil or yellow clay mixed with cow dung.

Technology slice

The choice of the method of trimming depends on the purpose of carrying out work.

Cropping the kidney.

Cropping the kidney.

Slice the kidney

This type of trimming allows you to change the direction of the growth of escape. The procedure is performed on a year-old thread. First, choose a kidney, which grows in the right direction. The cut is at an angle in 45 degrees, secateurs need to keep so, to cutting blade was rotated to cut away part of the, and to the, what will remain after cropping. Correctly calculated the cut does not form a stub and will not allow to damage the kidney. Experienced gardeners recommend to hold mentally a perpendicular from the Foundation of the "correct" buds. Too sharp a cut will leave her without food, a large stump can also dry up, then the kidney will not Wake up. Cut stumps say in the care of shrub crops.

Cutting the branches on the ring.

Cutting the branches on the ring.

The cut on the ring

This kind of pruning removes an entire branch, growing wrong, for example, inside the crown. These shoots Rob the tree of nutrients, in this case, from the point of view of fruiting, such vegetation is completely useless. The slice is on the outer surface of the ring, this way you can avoid desperately or the abandonment of the hemp. Ring is a kind of excrescence of the bark, the cut is produced on the outer edge. The branch can be cut with shears, if allows its thickness.

Pruning to a side branch.

Pruning to a side branch.

Cut at lateral branch

Method used in the case, if you want to shift growth from one branch to another, unnecessary – removed. The side branch can be "home". If you cut the ring it is desirable to remove side branch, the cut in the side branch remains a side shoot and the growth will continue in his direction.

The types of cropping

During the performance, green thumb has different purposes, accordingly they are different types of trimming.

Formative pruning of a fruit tree.

Formative pruning of a fruit tree.

Forming

Method helps to create the desired silhouette of the crown and its density. Well-formed Central part could develop resistance to the loads. Such trimming can be carried out in February, regrowth will be more intense. Spring procedure, held in March or April, on the contrary, inhibits the growth process.

Regulatory

Pruning is carried out to preserve the already formed crown, it supports good illumination of the branches and does not overload the skeletal part of the new shoots. Type of work is relevant from February to April and in August-September.

Rejuvenating pruning.

Rejuvenating pruning.

Anti-aging

The name speaks for itself – pruning allows the tree or shrub will be updated, it stimulates the growth of young branches. With an annual growth of shoots in 10 – 15 cm branches need to be shortened, to "Wake up" dormant and adventitious buds. Perform the procedure in early autumn, in the spring, at the end of winter.

Recovery

Pruning is performed if necessary to return the affected plants ability of flowering and fruiting.

Sanitary

Dry, patients, damaged branches should be removed all year round. The only exception – frosty days. Tool, used in this type of work, after their graduation, must be disinfected with alcohol. Too intense sanitary pruning in relation to a young tree can lead to thickening of the crown.

Winter pruning.

Winter pruning.

Winter pruning: what to pay attention

In the bitter cold bark of fruit trees becomes brittle, it can unwittingly damage, such wounds heal with great difficulty. The recommended limit for such work: minus eight degrees, if it's colder, it is better to delay pruning. The benefits of winter pruning:

  • no leaf crown, all defects fruit crops are clearly visible;
  • resting trees and shrubs are experiencing less stress;
  • the resulting slices more accurate and better, it is in summer.

Thin branches cut with shears. To avoid scuffing, thick branches sawed on the reverse side.

Spring pruning.

Spring pruning.

The subtleties of spring pruning

The most beneficial and the proper time for such work – time, when the SAP flow has not started yet, but it is ready to begin today or tomorrow. In this period the wound in the tree will quickly become overgrown, takes less hassle. The terms may differ for different horticultural crops, it is important to plan a calendar of work. The procedure is performed in the warm season, the air temperature: from – 5 degrees. After pruning, the wounds daubed with yellow clay with cow manure, oil paint, garden pitch. It is impossible to conduct work on the shrubs, which will soon spring flowering: the flower buds on some plants are produced on last year's branches.

Autumn pruning: features, useful experience

Most fruit trees do not tolerate pruning autumn. Ongoing work at this the wrong time of year can ruin the pear, cherry, plum, the procedure is best to delay until the spring. Autumn pruning can be disastrous for the newly planted crops. Annual growth may freeze not only at the cut, but around, including bark and cadmium. Such a wound is unlikely to heal successfully. Sanitary pruning is carried out in the autumn, the winter plant is better will be met without unnecessary wounds. The buds on the shortened branches of the sapling can be hard to open up in the spring. Warnings relevant for gardeners, living in the middle lane. If necessary do the autumn pruning at a temperature of from – 5 degrees and warmer. All told does not concern sanitary works: disease branches should be removed in any case and immediately. Remote shoots burn.

Correct and timely pruning is the key to health and attractive appearance of your garden. The abandonment and desolation of the land visible in the dense crowns, uncleared, dead or disease branches. Such thickets – a great place for pests, which not only can ruin the whole fruit plantation in the garden, but also spread to the neighbors.

Photo of fruit trees in the garden

Video about pruning fruit trees

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