Lilacs in the garden: species and varieties

Lilac small-leaved in the garden.

Lilac small-leaved in the garden.

All kinds of different beautiful blooms and pleasant aroma, often in gardens and on plots you can see the lilac: luxury, hardy shrub, great growing in the South, and in the North. In addition, common lilac, a well-deserved reputation among gardeners uses:

  • the Persian lilac with narrow leaves;
  • Hungarian lilac flowers with no smell;
  • lilac Himalayan;
  • Amur lilac.

Lilac is a beautiful legend: the God of meadows and forests, pan met and fell in love with the beautiful nymph Syringa, the. The nymph was scared, ran and turned into a shrub with fragrant flowers. The name of the nymph and became the Latin name of the genus.

Types of lilac

Lilac

The birthplace of culture – Southeast Asia. Shrub high, can reach six meters, foliage – dark green, inflorescences have a pyramidal shape. Beginning of flowering occurs four years after planting. View hardy, drought-resistant, grows moderately, prefers fertile loam, but it tolerates other types of soil. Can grow in urban environments, gives abundant root growth. In the culture of the late sixteenth century.

Varieties differ in flowering periods, the shape and height of the bushes. The flowers can be gustomahrovye, up to four inches in diameter. Inflorescences of different size and density, classic purple shades as a result of working breeders are complemented by purely pink, purple, blue, yellow. Wild species are quite modest, but it can be used for group and single plantings, the formation of hedges. Garden varieties offer along the tracks, on the lawn, for registration of partners, alleys and flower beds.

In the photo: lilac, grade "AMI SCHOTT".

In the photo: lilac, grade "AMI SCHOTT".

The most interesting varieties of domestic and foreign selection

"Amethyst" – with a bluish-lilac flowers, diameter – 2,5 cm, inflorescence – large, fragrant, good vase life.

"AMI SCHOTT" – flowers dark blue, lighter on the lower side, Terry, fragrant. Bushes vigorous, with sturdy branches, wide. Flowering – moderate, in the medium term.

"Belle de Nancy" Carmine – red buds, the flowers are purple-pinkish, with a silver shade, passes into bluish-purple tones, Terry. Petals bent inwards, flowering – in the medium term, used in vase life.

"Baisent" – inflorescence fishnet, fragrant, coral and light pink, length – up to 30 cm. The leaves are large, corrugated, oval, dark green. Bush high, up to five meters, shoots long, grayish-brown.

"Vestal" – pure white flowers, large, fragrant, simple form.

"Vesuvius" – with violet-purple flowers, large, on the lower side colour lighter. The foliage is also large, the Bush blooms moderately, in the medium term, height – average.

Violetta – dark purple buds, flower diameter up to three inches. Form is double and semi-double, flavor of the weak. The leaves are dark green, young – brown patina. The bushes high, pryaralye, shoots – light grey. Used for distillation and for landscaping the site.

"Wool Guy" – inflorescence raspberry pink, bright, large. Bush is medium, spreading, with dark brown shoots. Blooms profusely and annually.

"Galina Ulanova" – pure white flowers, spectacular, simple.

Lilac, the sort of "Galina Ulanova".

Lilac, the sort of "Galina Ulanova".

"Joan of Arc" – inflorescence a dense narrow form, the flowers are white, Terry, fragrant, leaves – bright green. Blooms profusely, in the medium term, Bush height is up to two meters.

"The Defenders Of Brest" greenish-cream buds, flowers – from pure white to milk, Terry, large, it blooms for a long, in the medium term.

"Captain Balta" pink-purple flowers, to 2,7 cm in diameter, stamens – yellow. Fragrant cultivar with large inflorescences, abundant blooms. Low shrub, up to five feet, branched, wide.

"Cavour" – one of the darkest purple varieties among. The flowers are large, simple form, with a pleasant aroma.

"Katerina Havemeyer" violet – purple flowers with a pink tinge, Terry, the variety blooms in the medium term.

"Condorcet" – the main difference between the varieties, this large dark green leaves on short petioles. Inflorescences conical, flowers bluish-purple. Bush powerful, high, blooms profusely. The timing of flowering – average, culture gives a lot of shoots.

"Congo" purple-red flowers, first bright, then, fade in the sun to light purple. Blooms early and profusely.

"Pretty Nancy" – pale pink flowers with a silver sheen. One of the best varieties among Terry forms such a coloring.

"Beauty Of Moscow" – pinkish white flowers with pearl shade, Terry, similar to small roses. Inflorescence consists of open-panicles pyramidal shape. Rare exotic variety, flowering is continuous.

Lilac, grade "Beauty Of Moscow".

Lilac, the sort of “Beauty of Moscow”.

"Leonid Leonov" – flowers purple, in the center – purple, simple, large and fragrant. Foliage dark green, bushes medium growing, compact, with a sturdy thin branches. Blossoms in the medium term.

"Madame Casimir Perier" – creamy white flowers, size – 2 cm, fragrant. Leaves classic lilac shape, compact bushes, average height. Blossoms in the medium term, abundant and long lasting. Used in landscaping, for early forcing and cut flowers.

"Madame Abel The Shantan" milk-white blossoms, compact, flowers – Terry. The bushes are low, bloom profusely in late periods. Culture has a high decorative.

"Marshall Lannes." – very large flowers, to 3,4 cm in diameter, dense purple colour, semi-double. Very beautiful, floriferous variety. Bushes of average height, the average time of flowering.

"Madame Charles Land" – sky blue flowers, large, fragrant, simple form. Large, durable, sparse panicles. Bushes of average height, shoots widely divergent, light grey. The variety is highly regarded at home, in France, it is used for group and single plantings.

"Miss Ellen Wilmott" – snow-white flowers, Terry, late bloom, decorative grade.

"Dream" bluish-purple flowers, with an almost white center, pinkish hue on the underside, large, simple and sweet. Blooms profusely, in the medium term, bushes of average height.

"Montaigne" flowers change color from pale pink to lilac-white. The bushes are long straight shoots, seeds are not fastened. Used in garden planting for cut flowers and landscaping.

"Monique Lemoine" – flowers pure white, similar to snow flakes, large, gustomahrovye. Flowering is continuous, bushes of average height.

"Hope" – light blue flowers, inflorescence large, fragrant. Flowering moderate, in the later stages. Cuttings root easily, very viable, the plant is recommended for cutting and processing.

"The Lights Of Donbass" Magenta-purple flowers with light purple tips. Variety is fragrant, resistant to fading.

"The memory of Kolesnikov" – white flowers, Terry form, reminiscent of the small buds of roses. Large inflorescences, decorative variety with a long flowering period.

"The Memory Of Ludwig Shpet" – dark purple flowers, shrubs direct, high. The popular dark-colored variety with annual and abundant flowering.

"Primrose" – light yellow flowers, fade to white, fragrant, simple. Rare yellow variety.

Lilac, the sort of "Primrose".

Lilac, the sort of "Primrose".

"Soviet Arctic" – white flowers, Terry, large, with a pleasant aroma. Foliage green, large, the bushes high, but compact. Flowering in the medium term, moderate.

"Sensation" purple-red flowers with a clear white border at the edges. Foliage dark green, the usual lilac forms. Tall shrubs and spreading, rare. Flowering moderate, later date. Propagation by cuttings and vaccinations, high rooting. Grade is used for landscaping and for forcing.

"Flora – 53" with a simple, large, white flowers. The bushes high, flowering – early. One of the best varieties with these characteristics.

"Celia" pink – purple inflorescences. Foliage dark green, wrinkled, large. Compact Bush, up to two to three meters.

"Charles Joly" violet – purple flowers with hints of cherry. Bloom tall compact shrubs annually, abundantly, time – late.

Lilac Persian

Shrub of medium height, highly branched. Obtained from the crossing of lilac Malandrino and Afghan. Adult branches becoming gray or brown tint. Inflorescence ovate, white or white-purple, fragrant. Flowering from may to June. In the culture of mid-seventeenth century, species is frost resistant and drought resistant. Used in a group, complex and single crop, to create hedges.

Lilac Chinese

A hybrid of the common lilac and the Persian, received in France, but popular in China. A very tall shrub to five metres in height, thin branches, spreading, hanging. The flowers are large, at blooming turn a red-purple tone, aroma delicate and pleasant. Shrub decorative, used in group and single plantings, bred varieties with pink, white and dark pink double flowers. The most common forms – with plush purple, pale purple and dark purple flowers.

Lilac Himalayan.

Lilac Himalayan.

Lilac Himalayan

Tall shrub reaching four metres in height. Branches are olive-brown or gray, lenticels light, stand out. Foliage dark green, ciliate on the edges. Petioles with purple colour. The flowers are medium-sized, up to one centimeter in diameter, color – creamy yellow tinged with pink or pale purple. The smell is not very pleasant. Blooms in June. In the wild it grows in the North-Western part of the mountains, in the subalpine zone, in the river valleys. The plant is frost-resistant, can tolerate high soil salinity.

Lilac furry

Densely leafy shrub high, distributed in China. Young branches are yellow-gray in color, then turn brown. The flowers are fragrant, pink-purple. Blooms in June or July, fruiting in July and August. Like all the hairy lilac, view hardy. In the culture since the mid-nineteenth century, used for landscaping and planting in hedges.

Lilac Preston

Is the name of the breeder from Canada, which became this kind of by crossing lilac hairy and drooping. The bushes reach four-metre-high, similar to the hairy lilac, but the bloom pointing down. Branches bare and thick, leaves glaucous below, rarely pubescent. Promising and original look with late flowering period. Winter hardiness – medium.

Lilac Zvegintzov

Discovered by the expedition G. Potanin in the end of the nineteenth century in China. Is the name of the Governor of Riga. Tall deciduous shrub with dense foliage. Wrinkled leaves, pubescent below. Flowers pinkish-white, blossoms – delicate, abundantly flowering and fruiting. Well propagated as cuttings, and seeds. Rare, the flowering periods – late.

Amur lilac.

Amur lilac.

Amur lilac

In the wild it grows in deciduous and mixed forests of northeast China and the far East. The tree is multi-stemmed, with a spreading crown, in natural conditions up to twenty-meter height. Culture – two times lower. Young shoots reddish-brown, similar to cherry, old trunks is dark gray or dark brown. The leaves change color from greenish-purple in spring to yellow-orange in autumn. The flowers are small, white or cream, smell of honey. Inflorescence – large, paniculate. Flowering is abundant, later. The species tolerates urban conditions, dust, pollution, frost.

The view deserves wider use in landscaping of cities and towns, horticultural areas. Recommended for live fences, single plantings, green songs, for the design of reservoirs. In the culture since the mid-nineteenth century.

Hungarian lilac

It grows in the wild in the Balkans and the Carpathians. Tall shrub up to seven metres in height, the shoots facing upwards, densely branched. Leaves – bare, dark green, flowers – purple, small, aroma – weak. Blooms profusely, later. Successfully developed even in the Northern regions, drought- and frost. Undemanding to soil composition, tolerates urban conditions, tolerate formative pruning. It is widely used in group and single plantings, to create green fences. In the culture of the first third of the nineteenth century. The colour of the flowers there are two forms: with pale violet flowers with reddish-purple.

Hungarian lilac.

Hungarian lilac.

Lilac drooping

Originally from Northern China, it grows in forests and forest edges. Shrubs up to three metres in height, erect, bark – dark gray, the foliage is dark green above and gray green underneath. Flowers reddish-pink, with white middle, blooms late and abundantly. By crossing lilac drooping with the Hungarian was the resulting hybrid of Asiflex, similar to drooping lilac, but more winter-hardy. The species prefers lime-containing soil, Sunny areas and moderate watering. Excess moisture can not stand, weak shoots should be cut, after flowering, damaged and withered stalks removed. When carrying out rejuvenating pruning all poorly developed branches are removed to ground level, others are pruned to 30 cm, conduct a top dressing of compost or rotted manure.

Young plants are planted in September or in April. Winter hardiness is high, in severe winters may be covered with ice shoots. Kind of well propagated by cuttings, seeds, it is used for planting groups, for forming hedges.

Lilac drooping.

Lilac drooping.

Lilac small-leaved

Shrub in half to two meters. Foliage small, oblong or rounded, green, pubescent below. Inflorescences lax, flowers are lilac-pink. High winter hardiness, view light, but tolerates partial shade. Not tolerate high groundwater level, prefers drained, fertile soil. To maintain the shape of the Bush in the spring require regular pruning, withered plants remove.

Care tips

After planting the young plants the soil around well-watered, then mulch with peat, decomposed leaves or humus. During the vegetation period the soil is loosened to a depth of 4 to 7 cm three to four times. In the first two or three years, fertilizer, in addition to the nitrogen, do not make. Nitrogen fed from the second year of life. Efficient organic fertilizer in the form of a slurry, it make, stepping back from the trunk two feet. In the fall make potash and phosphate fertilizers. The best feeding – ash, Norma – 200 g in a small bucket of water. In summer, the shrubs are watered in very hot weather, during flowering and growth – often, loosen the soil several times per season, weeds are removed.

Beautiful shape and abundant flowering is supported by proper and systematic pruning bushes. In the first two years the plant this agrotechnical reception needs, on the third or fourth year begin to form strong boughs. Before awakening kidney, in early spring, in the crown isolated from five to ten conveniently located branches, the rest is removed. Sanitary pruning and thinning carried out as necessary. The bouquets are cut to two thirds of flowering shoots, this causes an overdevelopment of the remaining and the formation of new shoots. Cut flowers for bouquets, carry out early in the morning, the ends of the branches split.

Young seedlings need shelter for the winter with dry leaves, and peat, the thickness of the layer through 10 cm.

Diseases and pests

From lilac moth plant will save the processing solution vozalona, from lilac hawk – phthalophos. Lilac mol-petranka destroyed rotor or trichlorfon. When late blight, damaging the kidneys, help Bordeaux liquid, bacterial rot can handle, copper oxychloride.

Lilac and landscape design

Beautifully flowering Bush has long been widely used in parks and gardens. Culture is highly valued for the abundant and continuous flowering, beautiful image. In landscape landscapes most often use the common lilac and its varieties.

Photo: species and varieties of lilacs

Video about growing lilacs

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