- Advantages of paving tiles
- Tools and materials, necessary for laying paving slabs
- Technology laying paving slabs
- Step 1 – Planning the styling
- Step 2 – The layout of the tracks and platforms
- Step 3 – Substrate preparation for laying tiles
- Step 4 – Laying of concrete tiles
- Video lesson “How to lay paving slabs”
- Methods of laying paving slabs
Advantages of paving tiles
The advantage of paving is the following:
- It is in contrast to the asphalt is not so strongly heated at the heat and the coating does not soften.
- Not conducive to the formation of puddles, because. water seeps through the gaps between the tiles.
- Easy to dismantle if necessary, laying underneath underground utilities.
- Satisfactory price
- Does not prevent natural water ,gas exchange.
- The durability of the coating
Tools and materials, necessary for laying paving slabs
For laying the paving slabs you will need the following tools, as: rubber hammer, manual compaction, trowel, stakes (metal or wooden), building level, cord, watering hose, wooden mallet, profile, rake, the broom and the channel.
With regard to materials, you will need, these include: sand, geotextile, gravel or crushed stone of fraction 10-20 either 20-50, cement M400, M500 either the dry mix, curbs and directly paving slabs (thickness for walkways 50-60 mm, for Parking 70-80 mm).
Technology laying paving slabs
Step 1 – Planning the styling
The first step is to draw a site plan, you are going to lay tile. Further, based on the shape of the plan, gets kind of figured elements of paving sidewalk tile. After this a mosaic (pattern) colors of individual items. Further the plan-the drawing is applied to its actual size and on this basis, count the number of paving and the amount needed for this construction materials.
Step 2 – The layout of the tracks and platforms
After the site planned, begin to layout the tracks and platforms. For this we will need a cord, stakes and roulette. As soon as the area will be marked, should go for a walk around the perimeter and check the convenience of the location tiles on the plot, if necessary to immediately make changes.
Step 3 – Substrate preparation for laying tiles
This stage is the most important when laying tiles, because. conscientiously prepared base will not give, further to sink the track, thereby ensuring the durability of the styling. For a start it is necessary to remove 15-20 cm of turf and to ensure that, that would be on removed site was not the roots of plants. Though water and will seep between the tiles, still have to do the longitudinal and transverse slopes for a stack of water. Independently, on what material will be laid tiles (dry mix, sand, liquid solution), you always need to lay crushed stone or sand cushion. Next should be placed at the same height crushed stone or gravel and compacted it. Stamped on the base constructed a small layer of sand, which when compressed should have a thickness 3-5 see and be, what would paving slabs, before compacting, stood in its original state covering approximately 1 cm. Between the sand and gravel it is recommended to lay a geotextile, which will freely pass water, but will not allow sand screening in crushed stone, that will make the base more durable. If paving is not provided race car, you are allowed to fill with surface only humidified sand, thick 10-15 cm, without the use of rubble. Rammer in Sunny weather it is allowed not earlier than 2 hours, if the weather is overcast, compaction is carried out the next day.
After ramming the sand begin laying the top layer, which consists of either a dry mix, any of their own prepared cement-sand mixture, the ratio which 1:3. The thickness of the layer should be 3- 4 cm, for ease of exposure the thickness of the used tubes, which lay along the stacked plot. Use a rake to distribute the mixture around the area, and then the channel is screed to smooth surface.
Step 4 – Laying of concrete tiles
In tiling there is a lot of important nuances, as will be outlined below. To lay paving tiles yourself from, in order, that would not violate the prepared surface. Laying should be done diagonally, each new tile has to be tightly pressed against the previous (this is done in order, that would eliminate the thickening of the joints). Enough, what would the gap between the first and the second tile was 1-2 mm, then after filling the gaps with sand, the surface will be durable and reliable. The tile is compacted using a wooden mallet, if the tile does not lay down quite smoothly, with a spatula you can gently put on her sand and compacted again. After complete installation of the tiles, the protruding elements are lined with a rubber mallet under construction level.
If the form pad has a curved ledges, the tiles have to be cut. For this purpose use a special knife, either a grinder with a circle on concrete. The first tile put in the place, where it will have to be cut, and then the tile is applied line, which will need to be cut. The important point is the fact, that first laid all the whole tiles, and then cut pieces. If you want to give the site the ideal geometric form, you will help the installation of pedestrian curb. To set the border, you need to pull the cord on the edges of the tiles, dig a trench (the depth should be such, what would the height of the tiles exceeded the height of the curb on the size of the bevel) and put it on the curb a liquid solution M100. Side of the border as well shed mortar M100 and then covered with sand.
After all of the tiles and borders laid, various bugs fixed, should fill the gaps with dry mix of sand and cement. Next, sweep away excess compound and fill the gaps with water from a hose. If the mixture in the gaps sank, you need to fill up more of the mixture. This procedure is very important, because. mixture in the gaps between the tiles takes on loads, to the tile surface and makes the surface more resistant and sturdy. Just be aware, the sand, which is used to create the mixture, must be clean, without admixtures, otherwise it will provoke the appearance of vegetation. To walk on the laid tiles is permitted no earlier than 2-3 day. With regard to care for the tiles, the important fact is that, what if the tile color, she needs a wash, unlike ordinary grey tiles, otherwise you will lose its aesthetic appearance.
In the winter it is strictly prohibited to break the ice with tile using scrap metal, this may cause damage to the front of the tile. It is also not recommended to cover the tiles colestyramine mixtures, such action can cause erosion of the tile. To eliminate the negative effects of ice, slippery tiles are allowed to sprinkle clean sand. And finally you need to add, that paving slabs are not friends with various varnishes and paints, therefore, it is not necessary to treat similar substances.
Video lesson “How to lay paving slabs”
Methods of laying paving slabs
It is worth noting, that method of laying tile is not dependent on, any, the geometric forms of the site, therefore, the only factor, that plays a role in this only by your boundless imagination. Below are photo examples of different ways of laying paving slabs.