Rose is a favorite of all gardeners. Lush color and delicate aroma of summer fill our life with new colors. The tender buds can decorate any part of the personal lands – whether small bushes near the porch, area near place to stay, gazebos, the flower beds along the walkways, landing near an artificial pond. But no other varieties can compare with climbing rose, luxury perennial, even an abandoned shack can turn into a real Paradise for reading, get-togethers, conversations, barbecue. Carpet magic beauty is not under my feet, it's a great vertical gardening. Truly beautiful only those landing, who are receiving appropriate care. Agrotechnical procedures are not too complex, the recoil is noticeable, the pleasure of the results is incredible.
Planting climbing roses
Lush, long whip with velvet flowers require special attention. Planting should be technically justified, fertilizing and pruning is conducted in a timely manner, winter insulation and proper protection from pests guarantee a correct and valuable result: the plant will delight you for the entire summer.
The choice of place for cultivation
All roses love the sun and do not tolerate wetlands with stagnant water. For these two reasons the area should be well lit and ventilated. It would be better, if you selected the soil before the roses did not grow, and close to the room, which are suitable for the storage of shrubs in winter. To ensure the absence of stagnation, the place should have a small bias. The roots of the roses long, can reach two meters, if there is a risk of excess moisture, it is better to plant shrubs on a hill.
Plants are often placed along the walls of buildings, which you have to decorate. Looks like this design trick very nicely, but it can lead to a premature depletion of the roots. To such trouble did not happen, bushes it is best to plant at a certain distance from the wall, enough 60 cm. Other plants also should not interfere with normal growth and development, the distance to them 50 cm. Climbing varieties need support. Their role can play arch, mesh, pergola, wall, fence, poles or cones, specially created for this purpose.
Time for planting
The best period for mid-latitudes – end of September – beginning of October. After one or two weeks rose gives first roots, usually have time to adjust before winter and the first frost. Spring is actively growing and the root, and aerial part. At the beginning of flowering, the plant is in full flood and not inferior to the old plants in splendor.
If you make planting in the spring, the development of flowers will linger on for two weeks, the care of this plant will need a more thorough. Before planting in the soil the seedling is pruned to two or three buds. Gardeners, having a minimum experience, do easier – buy own-rooted plants in nurseries, in late autumn and planted them in the ground.
Treatment of seedlings
This procedure is mandatory, otherwise, the plant development will be incomplete. The procedure works:
- Seedlings are soaked for days in water: only the roots or the whole plant.
- Shoots and roots trimmed. Place slices processed powdered charcoal.
- The roots treated with a special mixture.
Under pruning of saplings of roses refers to the shortening of three to five strong shoots to a height of not more than 15 cm, weak shoots are removed completely. The same is done with the roots: long or fragmented processes and remove, leaving only a small tuft. Thanks to this procedure, the plant will grow and bloom more actively.
A variant of the mineral mixture for the treatment of: the tenth part of mullein, a bit of clay, posterolateral, IAA. Impregnated fertilizer to the seedlings get immune protection.
Roses love loose loamy permeable soils, containing the topsoil. For the cultivation of the horticultural crops is not suitable, heavy clay and sand: each of these types of soils diluted the opposite. Added lime will make the soil loose and more comfortable in their chemical composition. To increase fertility can humus, humus, phosphate fertilizers, soil fertilizers, for example, phosphobacteria. Plot for planting dug a few times in late summer, and then in the spring.
The device landing pits
The volume of the pit should be large, enough, to the young plant has not experienced spatial deficit. Ideal depth – to 65 cm. The pit should be located at a distance of one meter from each other. When planting the root collar of the rose sinking into the ground to 10 – 12 cm. The soil will protect the plant from frost in winter, additional insulation will increase the possibility of normal sleep Bush. The planning of planting should take into account the finding the rose with respect to the supports, they should not interfere with the normal development of the underground part of the culture.
Place the roots in the hole you need freely, emptiness to fill. Under each plant is paid the nutrient mixture or peat compost. The pit filled up to the surface, the soil is a little tramp. Further plant care is timely feeding. The first stage is carried out immediately after planting. A mixture of IAA and phosphobacteria great for watering, you can use humates.
The formation of, garter
A rose Bush can be given the form, originally conceived in the planning process of planting. Bloom with abundant required garter lashes, a large number of buds may break off branches. There is no need to have all branches up, with this formation of the Bush can get poorer, the buds will bloom only at the very top. Several large branches is better positioned on the vertical support horizontally, they will give a whole cloud of beautiful flowers. This way you can make a high mesh fence, pergola, the wall.
Popular among experienced growers and is another way the branches – the so-called fan. Shoots are arranged freely to the sides and up, it does not interfere with each other. The reference column or the arch, you can braid spiral, twisting the branches around, one way. Any location does not negate the care of a plant: this regular pruning, dressing, watering, preparing for frost.
Shelter for the winter
If the common rose enough autumn hilling, then climbing in the winter requires full and reliable insulation. Growers use two methods of hiding: without removing the Bush from the support and withdrawing.
The first method is used in regions with a mild climate and relatively warm in winter. Shoots covered fir spruce branches, top wrapped with foil. Properly and carefully executed insulation ensures the safety of climbing roses until spring.
In the second case, plants remove all the sheets, whip off, old and weak shoots and remove. In the winter enough to leave 11 – 12 strong shoots. They need to collect in a big bunch, associate, to tilt to the ground and fasten in this position with pegs, cover with spruce branches to protect from rodents. The base of the Bush is sprinkled with a mixture of peat and soil. On top of the cover rose a dense film or agrotextile.
Climbing roses will bring your garden a real fairy tale. Landscape design, tailored vertical landings, will make the land sweet and romantic. In this Paradise you can invite your friends, warm summer evenings, filled with rose scents, gives a great mood and help to relax from the hustle and bustle.