- Talents and admirers
- Control rules
- Recruitment conditions
- Landing of girlish grapes
- Care, watering, dressing
- Diseases and pests
- The most popular varieties
- Pyatilistochkovy parthenocissus
- Tristany parthenocissus
- Raspberry wine
- Preparing for winter
- Photo of different varieties of grapes maiden
- Vines in the garden, growing, video
This culture is one of the fastest growing, large and hardy. Years, effectively blushing to fall, Liana, familiar to almost every gardener, a plant used in urban landscaping to decorating walls. Some owners of country houses consider it too aggressive, little verifiable, there is a legend, the grapes contributes to the spread of pests and rodents. This reputation is not entirely deserved.
Culture is very easy to grow, it can become a real lifesaver.
Talents and admirers
Traditionally girlish grapes used for draping any vertical surfaces. The foliage is distinctive and has the effect of shingles, the coating is thick and almost ornamental. In the fall the plant takes on an orange color. Tendrils of culture themselves and very firmly cling to any vertical support, additional tying is required – a natural "attachment" will withstand any weight of the crown.
Another useful feature of the grapes – he is not afraid of smoke, pollution, any complex urban environment, keeping the glossy surface. Continuous even coating will hide from prying eyes unsightly walls and entire buildings. With the help of such plantings on the plot you can build a green tunnel, to turn pergola in the luxury objects garden design, decorate the pavilions, gazebos and old trees.
Talent plants that are not limited to, the grapes are good and as groundcover plants, it will create a lush, a dense carpet on this site, where grassy glades and grass lawns cannot be broken. The grapes are not afraid of open dry places, rocky slopes, grows on the poorest soils, tolerates shade.
As a groundcover it can be grown from cuttings, seedlings, located at a distance of one meter, will create a dense carpet. To get this beauty faster, they can be planted closer to each other. Under the "carpet" does not develop weeds, but it does not prevent to grow trees and large shrubs, this property makes parthenocissus one of the most promising crops for landscaping areas with difficult conditions, large areas.
Do not forget about the practical advantages of culture. Grapes gives a good thermal insulation, protects the plant buildings, gazebos, garden pavilions from the rain and wind, the destructive action of the environment. Indoors, covered outside this culture, cool even in the peak of summer heat.
Despite all these useful properties, parthenocissus quite aggressive, if you give him a free rein and not be taken care of at least elementary control over the growth. It can overwhelm other garden plants, crawl to neighboring areas, damage to roofing and wall materials, to create raw parts there, where they're unwanted.
Controlling crop will solve all these problems. Whip vines are easy to shorten there, where their presence is undesirable. That won't hurt the plant: the more culture is clipped, however, its foliage gets thicker. To slow the growth of plants can be, depriving him of regular watering and feeding, the plant will still look good, but will cease to actively increase green volume and height.
The plant is undemanding and hardy, adaptable to all conditions. It can be planted on suitable for light-loving crops in the garden grounds, and in the dense shade of trees or on the North side of the building. Culture shade-tolerant, but not shade, the greatest efficiency growth is achieved there, where there is partial shade from deep to diffuse. The plant tolerates transplanting at any age.
Landing of girlish grapes
The vine can be planted in spring, and in the middle of autumn. Seedlings have in the meter from the fulcrum or buildings and at the same distance from other large plants. The soil on the future site of planting is necessary to dig. The planting hole should be large enough, under woody plants, the ideal dimensions of the planting pits – 60 on 60 cm. On the bottom lays a powerful drainage layer of broken bricks, sand and gravel, the thickness of the layer 20 cm. Excavated from the pit soil should be improved by additives. The optimal ratio: on the part of the earth, peat and compost, half share of sand.
Seedlings set in the hole thus, below the root collar was located on the ground level, it is impossible to lift or bury. After planting the young plants copiously watered. In the first year after planting parthenocissus mulch and feed.
Care, watering, dressing
In order, to the active growth of the grapes brought only benefits, the ground under him fertilize no more than twice a year. In spring or in June to make 50 g any complete fertilizer, in a month or two I repeat the procedure or use organic.
Glaze for culture may not be necessary, exception can be a long drought. In case of inclement weather the plant is watered three to four times per season in the morning or evening. Application rate – two buckets on each Bush. Once a year the soil loosened, remove weeds, mulch the soil.
Rhizome girlish grapes are prone to exposure. If this happens, you need to pour fresh soil, and the vine a little Spud. The procedure is carried out in the autumn, during the preparation of the garden plot for the winter.
During the season, being sanitary trim, removed damaged and dry shoots, and those, you want to monitor from overgrowth.
Diseases and pests
Vine resistant to pests and diseases. She whips can move rodents and thus get to the buildings. In order, to avoid uninvited guests, at the base of the vines are laid bait and set traps.
The most popular varieties
The variety has good stamina, adaptable in the shade, but beautiful, red foliage can be obtained only on the Sunny side. Another name – the grapes virgin, the height of the vines can achieve 20 meters. The leaves have a long petiole and pointed apex. In mid-summer culture blooms with small white flowers, to fall in their place are dark blue berries. The plant tolerates transplanting, grows well in loose soil, transfers and depleted. Rarely damaged by diseases and pests, the exception is slugs.
Another name – hederacea. Homeland of the plant is Korea, China, Japan. Cold-resistant vines are very attractive. In the autumn the foliage takes on a red grape, flaming color, there are a variety with maroon leaves. Breeders bred Golden form, characterized by yellow patches on the green background.
The most popular variety of this family – the grapes of HIV. Leaves it is small and smooth, two- or lobed, summer – dark green, autumn – bright orange. The variety survives well and grows in South areas. The roots of this vine are shallow, young culture at the beginning can be grown in containers or in pots. It grows well close to road, not afraid of the exhaust, require winter shelter.
It is also a sort of girlish grapes. Reaches a height of ten meters. The particularity of that, that bright green leaves with the arrival of the off-season becomes colorful: yellow, orange, Burgundy, red. The facade of a private house, this braided vine, looks fabulously beautiful. The plant requires constant pruning, it quickly grows in the shade, and on the Sunny side.
Preparing for winter
A fully winter hardy species is grapes virgin, it is also called pyatilistochkovy. Need shelter for the winter for Vinogradov Thompson and Henry. Culture removed from the poles and wrapped with dry leaves and spruce branches. This procedure applies to all maiden Vinogradov in the first year after planting.