In your garden or plot can be diluted not only decorative, but and useful plants. It's not just about vegetables, fruits, berries and spices, but dosage forms, to help in difficult times. Procurement of herbal teas essential in folk medicine, some cultures use in cooking.
The centuries-old tradition, originating from the monastery gardens, easily revive even on a small plot of land. Most herbs extraordinarily beautiful, they will be a good addition to flower planting.
Medicinal herbs in the garden
Powerful plant deep and strong roots, erect stems quadrangular shape. A height of one meter. Pleasant to the touch the leaves are opposite, spikelets whitish or pale purple. The most effective and popular type of mint is peppermint, you can tell by the bluish edge of the sheet and beautiful teeth. The species has a high content of menthol, but medicinal plants could be considered mint common, and mint scented. Bright, fresh in appearance mass of greenery creates a beautiful backdrop for trees and shrubs, the background of flower beds. Pleasant aroma envelops not only the planting, but up and coming garden.
Care and cultivation
Mint loves the sun and moisture, but is able to survive in the shadows, requires almost no maintenance. The main disadvantage of plants is that, it is short-lived, grows well and develops in one place not more than two or three years. The culture tends to occupy the neighboring plots, this defeats the planting density, it needs to be updated or mix with other aggressive species of herbs. In the North and middle of the landing strip safer to protect in winter with dry leaves. Mint leaves as a medicinal harvested in July or August, they are collected at dawn or in the morning.
Herbaceous perennial meter height with silvery greyish coloration of the foliage. Shoots branched, leaves pinnatisect, inflorescence – panicle complex. Plant fragrant, aroma of bitter drunk. Small yellow flowers bloom from June to August. Wormwood, common and medicinal use in folk medicine. Tsitvarnaya wormwood requires careful handling due to the presence of toxic substances.
The design of the garden of wormwood create original gray-silver spots, which would be relevant in any type of planting in natural style. They are well set off by the beautiful floral arrangements and greenery partners, soften bright paint and create balanced, a unified and harmonious group.
Care and cultivation
All types of wormwood is hardy and drought-resistant, not require any maintenance. Need good lighting, permeable to water and poor soil. The plant tolerates shearing, primitiva, you can grow standard form. Grass harvested during budding and beginning of flowering, in June or July.
Yarrow – tall species of grass to 80 cm in height. Charm impart a pink or white blossoms flaps, located above the mass of the elongated pinnately dissected leaves. Blooms until mid-autumn. Even in the base of the plant there are many varieties with different colors of blooms. Yarrow fits well into any composition, forming a background arrays, which are attractive all season. Culture prone to self-seeding, aggressive growth.
Care and cultivation
The plant likes bright sun and heat, survives in any soil, except waterlogged. Best feeling in the limestone and fertile soils. Does not need watering and fertilizing. Every three to four years, the bushes need to divide and transplant, otherwise formed bald spots. Grass harvested during flowering, length cut off the tops and blossoms – until 15 cm.
Hallmark Melissa – light, cool aroma, similar to lemon. It manifests itself during flowering. The plant forms a thick and dense clumps of straight, littered with leaves, shoots length meter. Bright green color, the original serrated edge and accuracy makes the Bush look tidy. Flowers are located in leaf axils, they are ugly, white-pink shade, bloom in mid-summer. There are variegated forms, retaining all the medicinal properties.
Melissa in the garden creates a rich spot, looks festive, forms a beautiful background plantings for ornamental plants.
Melissa prefers sun or partial shade, to maintain the good shape it needs fertile and well-drained soil. Plant care is limited to the cutting of the shoots. Melissa is harvested before flowering, before the start of budding. You can cut all shoots to woody parts and quickly dry the grass.
The ancient healing plant, herbaceous perennial, forming dense shrub up to half a meter. Shoots quadrangular, the leaves are opposite, their reverse side is lighter. The edge creates a sense of a bluish tint. Flowers purple or lilac. Sage blooms in June or July. Breeders bred ornamental varieties with purple, motley, white-yellow leaves.
Bushes of sage create a beautiful spot with velvet surface, they can decorate the ridges or flower garden, well with any plants, long does not lose decorative.
The cultivation and care
Sage prefers a Sunny site, dry, calcareous soil with good drainage. Care: hospital is cutting two-thirds of the height of the shoots. Winter sage sufficiently hardy, but in normal snow successfully tolerate even extreme cold. The plant is often cultivated, as an annual. For medicinal purposes harvested leaves, they are taken in the morning.
Important medicinal plant is one of the most popular herbs in cooking. Gimnazisty shrub reaches a height of five feet, shoots powerful, grayish, stiffening, foliage hoovina, flat, narrow, thickly dot the branches. The leaves give the plant an interesting texture and beauty, characterized by dark or grayish color, strong aroma. Bright, dense panicles appear in early spring and to late autumn.
The cultivation and care
South plant in regions with harsh winter climates can be grown only with shelter. Often the culture is grown, as a pot, in summer keep in the garden, and in the winter entered the room, bright and cool. Rosemary can be added dropwise to the open ground in summer, and in the winter to plant in a container.
Rosemary prefers well-drained alkaline soil, it tolerates sandy and rocky soils, does not react well to the acidity and waterlogging. The plant is planted in the rock garden on the southern slopes. Care is fertilizing, aeration, formative pruning, which was held in mid-spring. Rosemary harvested before and during flowering, young branches are cut off together with leaves or use the leaves only.
At the same time medicinal and ornamental properties calendula or marigold.
Medicinal herbs in the garden landscape
Flowerbed with plants can be in the form of a circle, square, wave, spiral, the form can realize any horticultural imagination. On the edge and at the forefront of land groundcover any low plants, further – average in height, in the center and the background is high. Needs good drainage, a place for medicinal herbs should not be waterlogged. The layout of the planting is better to make in advance. Even simple plants can create a masterpiece of landscape art.