Climatic conditions are temperate and Northern latitudes stand not all plants. Natural features create certain problems for the owners of suburban areas, houses, located in cold region. Many gardeners are afraid to buy re-imported interesting perennials, so not sure, they will be able to survive the winter. Most limited plantings of annual plants. Breeding is not in place, annually in nurseries riverwide new varieties, which until recently was considered unsuitable for the harsh climate.
Current horticultural realities allow you to choose ornamental shrubs and perennial flowers for the most adverse weather conditions.
Unpretentious low-growing perennials
Low plants in the garden landscape is always appropriate, they can decorate the border, the edge of the lawn, they are relevant in the foreground flower bed, beds.
Primroses and snowdrops
Culture encouraging flowering before all. Don't like heat, but feel good in conditions of high humidity and coolness. In the southern latitudes these plants are planted in the shade, as there is a danger of burning the roots during the summer. But the residents of cold regions can not worry and primroses to decorate any area. Primroses can be grown from seed, they are planted in early March, keep on the windowsill. Another way – dividing the bushes after the cessation of flowering.
Lilies of the valley
Cute white bells can get along in any environment, they adapt well to any climate. Under this culture can take a small flower garden, it will look very decorative all summer: first, on a background of dark green glossy leaves, will bloom fragrant white flowers, and in the second half of the summer they will be replaced by red berries. They are poisonous, but beautiful. If you have very young children, the planting of this kind it is better to wait to avoid possible trouble. For the season Lily of the valley is able to draw on rhizome 30 cm, for two years the plant will pull the entire allotted area. Pretty aggressive conquering of the territory can be stopped by pieces of slate, dug around the perimeter of the planting. A delicate flower is able to grow in one place up to forty years.
The flower is often called pansies. The plant is biennial, in the first year increased the above-ground part, flowering can be expected in June-July-August next year. Violets in the first year of life grown in dense planting somewhere in the far corner of the garden, in the second year they are transplanted in the flower garden. The plant is able to reproduce by self-seeding, although gardeners prefer to grow it in containers. Before flowering culture looks unattractive, for this reason, it is better to use to create a combined flower beds.
Delicate miniature flowers in the family Asteraceae. There are both annual, and perennial species. Perennials to consider them for the reason, the flowering cycle they have the same, like tricolor violets, next, reproduction is by self-seeding. Plants are used for Alpine design, for planting on lawns. Growing by itself, shrinking Daisy, the process of breeding better control, divide and replant large bushes.
Perennials of the second tier
The second tier is plants, the height of which is less than half a meter. Among the plants, which feel well in the Northern latitudes, you can select a group with decorative leaves and flowering.
Or foliage, or flowers: perennials with a large and beautiful inflorescences can't maintain the high decorative qualities all summer long. After flowering aerial part becomes inconspicuous and dies. Such a short vegetation period allows to lay new flower buds for the next season. First of all it concerns the bulbous and tuberous, in this way these crops protect themselves from excessive use of nutrients. However, weeks bright flowering, given by the nature, so spectacular and unforgettable, that almost any vacationer trying to make the planting of such plants at least in small quantities.
- The varieties are early flowering tulips, as usual the early, and Terry. Both varieties bloom in may or later. The usual early varieties grow to 40 cm in height, Terry culture – below, to 25 cm. Those and others require annual digging and drying. Not dug in time the bulbs are shrinking.
- Daffodils are also called "child two times". Flower trying to bloom in that period, when winter doesn't want to leave, and the spring has little force, to become the sovereign mistress of regional latitude. Culture suitable for growing in cool climate, it requires annual digging, tolerates winter and undemanding to the soil. New varieties, bred by the breeders, have large flowers, which must tie, as they can easily creep under the action of wind and heavy rain. The flower stalks are thin and break easily in adverse weather conditions.
- Net iris amazing perennial plant, it is able to completely freeze solid and then revive from the one and only surviving kidney. Bearded irises are the most common, but the "younger brothers" just as appeal. Leaves – thin, similar to swords, the flower stalks "shoot" in may, flowers – small, but numerous. Unusual coloring, from blue-yellow to white and purple, attaches to the bed of brightness, blooming irises are visible from afar. Culture is able to withstand severe and prolonged frosts, but does not like moisture. For this reason it is not planted in the lowlands. For two years, netted irises can grow a layer of high shrubs, become the center of a flower bed. But in order, so the plant is not crushed, it is necessary to periodically divide and transplant.
- Bearded iris different fleshy, beautiful leaves, that look good in the garden until late autumn. The large flowers are pleasing to the eye from may to June. Perennials hardy, do not require frequent transplanting. For cold climate specially bred rice Siberian with large bluish flowers. Flower stalks up to a meter in height, the bulk of the leaf located below.
Perennials with ornamental leaves
Flowering plants can and should be mixed with perennials with beautiful foliage. She brings an interesting background for the flower beds and took a seat in wither of plants, when they already lose their attractive appearance. Picky and spectacular culture:
Get along well in the North flowers, and before flowering, and after that do not lose their foliage. This rudbeckia, doronikum, Phlox, chrysanthemum. Burning winter-hardy clematis, the plant does not need shelter for the winter. The most spectacular are the roses. In cold climates, good winter those varieties, grafted on the wild rose, they are hardier and stronger than own-rooted.
When choosing plants for the garden try to take into account all the nuances: climatic conditions, how often you will be able to visit your garden and plant care for Pets, how are you going to provide wintering and reproduction of culture.